STEPS FOR COMPLETING AN INFORMATIVE SPEECH
I. Consider the audience and the occasion.
II. Choose a topic.
III. Narrow the topic.
IV. Research your topic.
V. While researching, make sure that you copy down information for your bibliography.
VI. Write your thesis statement. (It needs to be a complete sentence)
A. The thesis statement for a speech needs to be specific—break your main ideas up into sections (or steps if it is a process) and no more than 5.
1. The music of the Beatles had three distinct periods and three distinct sounds, their earlier teeny-bopper music, the transitional period, and the sounds they were making when they split up.
2. The five steps for making a friendship blanket are to: measure the wrist, gather your materials, decide upon a pattern or weave, attach the strips with a clip to an object, and weave the pattern.
B. The sections that you have broken your speech into in your thesis will then become the main points of your speech in the body—but with details (support)
VII. Organize your speech.
A. Write the body first, choosing a type of organizational pattern that works best for presenting your topic in the most efficient and interesting way.
1. You may choose a topical pattern.
2. You may choose a chronological pattern.
3. You may choose a spatial pattern.
4. You may choose some other pattern.
B. Write the introduction next.
C. Write the conclusion last.
VIII. Write an outline.
A. Put your information in the correct order.
1. If you have an A, you have to have a B.
2. If you have a 1, you have to have a 2.
3. Make two copies of your outline—you will need one in order to make your note cards. ( I need one during your presentation)
IX. Write a bibliography.
X. Make note cards
XI. Practice aloud.
XII. Practice in front of the mirror.
XIII. Practice in front of someone.
You will be responsible for a typed outline and bibliography of sources (at least 2 sources) that will be turned into me before you present your at least 3 minute or longer speech. The bibliography may be added on same page directly after the outline or on a separate page—it should be labeled: Bibliography. You should have enough time to complete the outline and make a copy while we are in the library. I need the outline and bibliography as you are giving your speech. You will present your speech from note cards. Do not ask me if you can use your outline to give your speech from. PUT THE INFORMATION YOU WILL NEED ON NOTECARDS. All you need list are key words to help you remember your next bit of information. Remember practice aloud, with someone watching you. Practice your eye contact and your gestures. Practice sounding conversational. Time your speech, and practice volume. Be energetic and show enthusiasm about your topic and delivery. Remember, if you bring a note from a parent or guardian attesting to the fact that they witnessed you practicing, you will receive 5 bonus points. Outline format and sample speech with completed outline and sample works cited page with bibliographic examples from online are entered below:
Remember-Outline: If you have a 1, you have to have a 2. If you have an A, you have to have a B. Outline format follows: NOTE: You may have more than 3 main points and more or less supporting material than placed on this format.
Informative Outline Format
I. Attention Statement:
I. Main Point:
II. Main Point:
III. Main Point:
I. Brief Summary:
II. Memorable and final:
Go to: http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/557/14 for correct placement of Works Cited and MLA formatting.
"Business Coalition for Climate Action Doubles." Environmental Defense. 8 May
2007. Environmental Defense Organization. 24 May 2007
Clinton, Bill. Interview. New York Times on Web, May 2007,
Dean, Cornelia. "Executive on a Mission: Saving the Planet." New York Times on the Web 22 May 2007. 25 May 2007
Ebert, Roger. "An Inconvenient Truth." Rev. of An Inconvenient Truth, dir. Davis Guggenheim. rogerebert.com. 2 June 2006. 24 May 2007
Global Warming. 2007. Cooler Heads Coalition. 24 May 2007
Gowdy, John. "Avoiding Self-organized Extinction: Toward a Co-evolutionary Economics of Sustainability." International Journal of Sustainable Development and World Ecology 14.1 (2007): 27-36.
An Inconvenient Truth. Dir. Davis Guggenheim. Perf. Al Gore. Lawrence Bender, 2006.
Leroux, Marcel. Global Warming: Myth Or Reality?: The Erring Ways of Climatology. New York: Springer, 2005.
Milken, Michael, Gary Becker, Myron Scholes, and Daniel Kahneman. "On Global Warming and Financial Imbalances." New Perspectives Quarterly 23.4 (2006): 63.
Nordhaus, William D. "After Kyoto: Alternative Mechanisms to Control Global Warming." American Economic Review 96.2 (2006): 31-34.
---. "Global Warming Economics." Science 9 Nov. 2001: 1283-84. 24 May 2007.
Shulte, Bret. "Putting a Price on Pollution; Climate change laws seem inevitable, but their economic impact is unknown." US News & World Report 14 May 2007. 24 May 2007.
Uzawa, Hirofumi. Economic Theory and Global Warming. Cambridge: Cambridge UP, 2003.
EXAMPLE OF DEMONSTRATION OR PROCESS SPEECH OUTLINE:
SPEECH TO DEMONSTRATE THE USE OF A CURLING IRON
PURPOSE: TO DEMONSTRATE HOW TO USE A CURLING IRON (Write the purpose only on the outline)
ATTENTION STATEMENT: HAVE YOU EVER HAD A REALLY BAD HAIR DAY? (The first thing you actually say will be your attention statement).
(Make a transition from your attention statement to your introduction--)
I. INTRODUCTION: Attention Statement: If you have ever had a really bad hair day, have I got a solution for you: a curling iron. A curling iron can help you tame some of those hair disasters in a matter of minutes. (transition) There’s nothing to it. Let’s get started; there are just five simple steps to taming frizz and hair without style. You must first:
A. Turn the curling iron on.
B. Wait for it to heat up.
C. Always be cautious.
D. Use it on your hair.
E. Turn it off.
II. BODY: Now, I am going to show you how to operate a curling iron in
five simple steps. (transition)
A. Turn your curling iron on.
1. Push the button or flip the switch.
2. A light will come on to indicate that the curling iron is heating.
B. When the iron is hot, the light will go off.
C. When using a curling iron, be careful.
1. Curling irons get quite hot.
2. People often get burned.
D. This is all that is involved in using a curling iron.
1. Gather a small strand of hair in your hand.
2. Wrap the hair around the curling iron.
3. Hold the hair around iron for a few seconds.
4. Unwrap the hair.
5. Repeat with remainder of hair to be curled.
6. Comb and style hair.
E. An unattended curling iron can be dangerous.
1. Turn the iron off.
2. Also, unplug your curling iron.
(transition) Now that I have shown you how to use a curling iron, I hope you agree that)
III. CONCLUSION: Sometimes when you really have a disaster of a hair day, a curling
iron can come to your rescue. Today, I have shown you in five
easy steps how to operate a curling iron. These steps were--
A. Turn your curling iron on.
B. Wait for it to heat up.
C. Be careful.
D. Use it on your hair.
E. Turn it off.
Remember, you can carry a curling iron anywhere you can carry your purse. Thank you.
The following is an example of an informative expository speech followed by the outline:
How Humor Heals (Informative Speech Example-bestspeechtopics.com)
I had to spend a week or so in the hospital last year. A minor ear infection turned into some major problems for my immune system. I was fairly depressed and frustrated one night after my doctor had given me the news that still more tests would be needed, which meant another few days in an uncomfortable bed with people poking and prodding at me.
As I thought about it, the pain began again, and I was sure that my condition might only become more serious. About the time I began to wonder if I would ever see my own home again, my best friend from high school stopped by. She was, quite literally, our class clown. She always had a great joke on the tip of her tongue. She was the mascot at the football games because her antics were so funny. Even now I can't help but smile when I think about her. Two hours after she left, I felt great. I had no pain when I woke up the next morning, and that evening, all of my test results were positive. A miracle? Actually, yes. (Attention -Story) Study after study has indicated that humor has interesting healing powers that enable us to change our perspective on situations, triggers laughter that stimulates our cardiovascular systems and reduces levels of certain stress hormones. (thesis statement)
One way that humor can help to heal is that it literally changes our outlook on life. As we laugh, we have trouble seeing life's difficulties the same way. Suddenly, our problems don't seem quite as bad. Humor allows one to distance himself/herself from a painful physical or medical situation while also acknowledging that he or she is in such a situation.
This change in perspective is a powerful healing force. Distancing yourself from a distressing situation allows you to view certain circumstances from a more objective perspective, and this can help you extract powerful emotions that focus on your pain or sorrow. In doing this, you do not reject the painful circumstances surrounding you, but acknowledge the reality of your situation - the good with the bad. Recent mental health studies have shown that laughter can stimulate areas of the brain that release endorphins, helping us to see our situation more clearly.
The benefits of humor, though, aren't all mental. Humor triggers laughter. According to physiological studies, the laughter, in turn, stimulates our cardiovascular systems by increasing the rate at which the heart beats and contracting the muscles. In fact, one study suggested that laughing one hundred times per day is the equivalent of spending ten minutes on a rowing machine.
Another study went so far as to suggest that the benefits of laughter reach far beyond our body system. "Laughter reduces levels of certain stress hormones which suppress the immune system, increase the number of blood platelets - which can cause obstructions in arteries, and raise blood pressure," said one researcher. "When we're laughing, natural killer cells that destroy cancer cells increase, as does the level of Gamma-interferon - a disease-fighting protein, T-cells - a major part of the immune system, and B-cells - which make disease-destroying antibodies. Laughter may also increase the concentration of salivary immunoglobulin A, which defends against infectious organisms entering through the respiratory tract so it helps us to resist colds and viruses." That makes quite a case of the adage "A barrel of laughs a day keeps the doctor away."
Though medically, the interesting healing powers of humor are still being studied by many scientists, humor clearly heals the spirit - a part of every one of us which is often neglected by medicine and science. The healing power of humor is wide-ranging in scope and situation.
Seeing the humor in our painful or emotional situations can free us from the chains we have built around ourselves, helping us to recognize that life is more than anger or pain or sorrow, but that it is full of humor and the contagious sound of laughter. (Summary)
So, in the words of the great Hans Solo, "Laugh it up, fuzzball." (Stirring Ending)
Outline for Expository Laughter Speech
I. Story about (class clown who came to visit in hospital and made author of this speech feel better)
II. Thesis Statement: (Study after study has indicated that humor has interesting healing powers that enable us to change our perspective on situations, triggers laughter that stimulates our cardiovascular systems and reduces levels of certain stress hormones)
(Transition) One way that humor can help is that it literally changes our outlook on life.
I. When we laugh, we have trouble seeing life’s (difficulties the same way.)
A. Distancing yourself allows you to view circumstances from a more objective perspective.
1. This can help you extract (powerful emotions that focus on your pain or sorrow.)
2. You do not reject the (painful circumstances, but acknowledge the reality of your situation-the good with the bad.)
B. Laughter can stimulate areas of the brain that release (endorphins, helping us to see our situation more clearly.)
(Transition) The benefits of humor, though, aren’t all mental.
II. Humor triggers laughter and (laughter, in turn, stimulates our cardiovascular systems.)
A. Laughter increases the rate (at which the heart beats and contracting muscles.)
B. One study suggested that (laughing one hundred times a day is the equivalent of spending ten minutes on a rowing machine.)
(Transition) Another study went so far as to suggest that the benefits of laughter reach far beyond our body system.
III. (Laughter reduces levels of certain stress hormones.)
A. These hormones:
1. (Suppress the immune system.)
2. Increase (the number of blood platelets which can cause obstructions in the arteries.)
3. (Raise blood pressure.)
B. When we are laughing: Natural killer cells that cause cancer and Gamma-interferon, a disease-fighting protein, T-cells, a major part of the immune system, and B-cells, which make disease-destroying antibodies all increase.
C. Laughter may also increase (the concentration of Salivary Immunoglobulin A, which defends against infectious organisms entering through the respiratory tract so it helps us to resist colds and viruses.)
(Transition) The healing power of humor is wide-ranging in scope and situation.
I. (Seeing the humor in our painful or emotional situations can free us from the chains we have built around ourselves, helping us to recognize that life is more than anger or pain or sorrow, but that it is full of humor and the contagious sound of laughter.)
II. (So, in the words of the great Hans Solo, "Laugh it up, fuzzball.")
INFORMATIVE SPEECH TOPIC IDEAS FOR AN EXPOSITORY SPEECH
First woman astronaut
Buddy Holly-the day the music died
Individuals who made a difference
Belle Gunness—America’s first female serial killer-early 1900’s (42 people)
Jesse Owens— extraordinary American athlete
The British Invasion (musical genre from the 60’s)
Henry the VIII—events behind the two wives he beheaded
Josef Mengele-Nazi doctor at Auschwitz
Mary Queen of Scotts, why did Queen Elizabeth have her beheaded
Winston Churchill: one of most influential men of World War II
Hank Williams Sr.—was a prolific writer, but lived a short, troubled life
James I-- had the Bible translated into the King James Version
The Beatles from start to finish
Woody Allen, brilliant and funny
Rod Serling and the Twilight Zone
Suleyman the Magnificent—his death marked the beginning of the Ottoman Empire
Curt Siodmak—the man noted for creating the criteria for the movie werewolf character
Alfred Hitchcock—master of the weird—a director who appeared in most of the movies he directed
Men in support of civil disobedience
Houdini –the most famous magician
____one of the funniest comedians
TV’s most popular nerds
Patty Hearst—victim or criminal?
Yogi Berra—remembered as a ball player as well as famous quotes
Who was the Desert Fox of World War II?
Tiny Tim of the 60’s became famous because he was a joke.
Jim Carey—a perfectionist
Joan of Arc—a persecuted Saint
Life of King Edward VI
Stephen King—why so popular?
The Elephant Man- a tragic story
Catherine the Great
Jesse & Frank James
Bonnie & Clyde
Elvis Presley—from rags to riches
Elizabeth I –arguably best ruler of Great Britain
Jerry Lewis: Comedian and Innovator (Jerry’s kids host)
Mohammad Ali- told all that “I am the greatest” and he was
Joseph McCarthy- why the term McCarthyism is frowned upon
Nikola Tesla—scientific genius who proved Edison wrong about current
The Marx Brothers- talented brothers—Hollywood greats
Alvin York-extraordinary American World War I hero
Roy Orbison—not your typical rock star
W.C. Fields- colorful figure of Hollywood –hated dogs and kids
Poets of the Romantic Movement:
Wordsworth, Coleridge, Shelley, Keats,
How they changed poetry
Robert E. Lee—an officer and a gentlemen, whose talents unfortunately prolonged civil war
Jimi Hendrix, Janis Joplin, Jim Morrison all great musical talents who died from drug-abuse
Individuals who made a sacrifice
George M. Cohen-music giant
The Barrymores- Family of actors
Bay of Pigs-Failed U.S. invasion of Cuba- JFK’s fiasco
Hollywood used to have a star system: the good and bad of it
Events that led up to the crash of 1929
How the Romanov family influenced Russian society
Amber Alert –history and effectiveness
Events that led up to the economic crisis beginning around 2008-09.
human cadavers - history of, uses of (Great informative book on this subject - Stiff)
The Mini Ice Age—how it affected mankind and is it likely to happen any time soon?
The witch hunts across Europe—when, how they got started, and how extreme they became
history of comic books (general or choose a specific one, i.e. Superman, X-Men, etc)
The amazing King Kong movie model of 1933 and why it was the most realistic until the last few years
What is a fable? How did they come about and what is their significance to the times?
Some of the famous baseball superstitions and their birth
The British Invasion (musical genre from the 1960’s)
The French Revolution & Robespierre
The History of the Revenge Movies of the U.S.—when and why
Mt. Vesuvius - what happened that day to another less famous town
Unsolved crimes – Jack the Ripper, D.B. Cooper, Lizzie Borden
History of Sun Records
History of the Bermuda Triangle
The birth of political cartoons
History of the discount store
History of Art Deco
History of anatomists
Prohibition and why it was repealed
The Teapot Dome Scandal
The dark origins of Sleeping Beauty
Printing Press- most important invention of all time
Child Chimney Sweeps in Victorian England had little hope to survive
History of special effects in movie making
History of Old Mother Hubbard
Lindbergh baby kidnapping
Some origins of some unusual words
Mysteries of the Bible
History of tobacco use
History of television censorship
History of transplants
Most Decisive Battles in World History
How the days of the week got their names
Hiroshima–then and now
The French Reign of Terror and overuse of the guillotine
Some books that have been banned in the past and why they were
Some movies that have been banned in the past and why
Plan a vacation to: Yosemite or Yellowstone or Grand Canyon, New York City, Sequoia National Forest
Top 7 Don’t Miss Attractions at Disney World’s – Disney MGM Studio Theme Park
What is considered to be one of the best places in the world to live?
Current Topics- political
The pros and cons of using animals for medical research
The First Amendment, what it is, and famous examples of its importance
What is the significance of the 14th Amendment?
What U.S. soldiers do for us and what they have been promised in return from the government
What would-be journalists need to know about public records and the Freedom of Information Act
What are your legal rights as:
A landlord, or property owner
abused spouse or abused child
What U.S. soldiers do for us and what they have been promised in return from the government, but don’t always receive
What would-be journalists and reporters need to know about public records and the Freedom of Information Act
What you need to know about
Good Samaritan laws in Arkansas, or
When you should give up your legal rights
Current Topics - Scientific
How stress affects you
Best new gadgets for spyware
Possible future of mankind
When cosmetic surgery goes wrong
What you should know about:
Mononucleosis, Cystic fibrosis or fluoride or lyme disease or diabetes
What is a lobotomy and what famous person had it performed on their daughter?
Alternative fuels, or
Some basic tips for saving energy in your home
The future of Alzheimer’s treatment:
Special Care Units
What is strep throat and why is it very important to treat it seriously?
What are staff infections, and C. diff. & what can be done about them?
Einstein’s theory of relativity –what does it all mean?
What causes tsunamis (tidal waves) and how big can they get
The possibility and dangers of chemical warfare
What meth does to your body and how to tell if someone is on meth
What would happen if the earth’s axis were tilted just one or two more degrees than it is now?
How a hurricane, tornado, earthquake develops and the best way to protect yourself
What chemicals are fed to the animals we eat, or sprayed on crops, and how is it affecting our health
Current Topics - Miscellaneous
What is a cult movie & what & why are some of the most famous ones?
I think the best comedic horror films are _______because ________.
What you need to know to become a forensic sketch artist.
How the days of the week got their names
Labs are considered by many to be one of the best pets because ___.
How metal detectors work
What were some of the famous Bible Epic Movies and why are they no longer made
What are the latest internet scams and what groups are these crooks targeting?
Unforgiven is a western that portrays a more realistic old west than most westerns prior to it.
Why Spider Man is so popular with young Americans
How to get started investing in the stock market
How to use your time wisely and get better organized
Get rich quick schemes and how they turned out for all involved
How have The Rolling Stones managed to stay together so long?
Fallacies and misconceptions that most people still believe are true
Why Spider Man is so popular with young Americans
What are some interesting methods used for predicting the future?
What you should know about keeping dangerous pets
How to plan an outdoor party or
Plan a quinceanera
How evidence is handled at a crime scene (steps, importance of each)
How to build your own wind turbine for less than $300.00
How to turn your watch into a compass or how to read a map and use a compass
How does a hybrid vehicle work compared to an internal combustion compared to an all electric
How to get started investing in the stock market and avoid losing money on investments
How to be a professional clown
How to prepare for a job interview
Furnish an apartment on a budget
POSSIBLE DEMONSTRATION SPEECH TOPIC IDEAS
1. HOW TO DRAW A CARTOON FIGURE.
2. HOW TO TIE A TIE.
3. HOW TO OPERATE A VOLTAGE CHECKER.
4. HOW TO SERVE IN VOLLEYBALL.
5. HOW TO MAKE THE BEST PAPER AIRPLANE.
6. HOW TO MAKE AN ORIGAMI BOX.
7. HOW TO READ A MAP.
8. HOW TO BRAID FRENCH BRAIDS.
9. HOW TO KICK A FOOTBALL.
10. HOW TO GET ORGANIZED WITH A PLANNER.
11. HOW TO MAKE PAPER FLOWERS.
12. HOW TO MAKE A FRIENDSHIP BRACELET.
13. HOW TO MAKE A CHRISTMAS ORNAMENT.
14. HOW TO CLEAN A CLARINET.
15. HOW TO CORRECTLY CAST A ROD & REEL.
16. HOW TO STRETCH PROPERLY BEFORE EXERCISING.
17. HOW TO IRON A SHIRT.
18. HOW TO FACE PAINT.
19. HOW TO DO A CARD TRICK.
20. HOW TO DO A MAGIC TRICK.
21. HOW TO PLAN FOR THE FUTURE FINANCIALLY.
22. HOW TO USE A STRAIGHTENER.
23. HOW TO DRAW TO SCALE.
24. HOW TO MAKE A PAPER CUT-OUT.
25. HOW TO FRAME A PICTURE.
26. HOW TO SCRAPBOOK.
27. HOW TO USE A DIGITAL CAMERA FOR INSIDE SHOTS.
28. HOW TO MAKE A PINATA.
29. HOW TO MAKE BIRD CALLS.
30. HOW TO PLAY SHORT-STOP.
31. HOW TO PROPERLY DO AEROBIC EXERCISE.
32. HOW TO CHOOSE A WEED-EATER.
33. HOW TO WRITE A JOB RESUME.
34. HOW TO SET A TABLE PROPERLY.
35. HOW TO MAKE ANIMAL BALLOONS.
36. HOW TO MAKE A PAPER BASKET.
37. HOW TO PLAN A GREAT CHILDREN’S PARTY.
38. HOW TO PLAN A QUINCEANERA
39. HOW TO LAY TILE.
40. HOW TO MAKE SAND-ART.
41. HOW TO POT A HOUSEPLANT.
42. HOW TO SIGN A SIMPLE PHRASE or song in sign language.
43. HOW TO CLEAN A HAMSTER CAGE.
44. HOW TO WRITE A “THANK YOU” CARD.
45. HOW TO KICK A SOCCER BALL.
46. HOW TO MAKE A PICTURE REFRIGERATOR -MAGNET.
47. HOW TO PROPERLY FLOSS.
48. HOW TO MAKE A CORN-COB DOLL.
49. HOW TO PREPARE WOOD FOR VARNISH.
50. HOW TO DRIVE A GOLF BALL.
51. HOW TO APPLY CLOWN MAKE-UP.
52. HOW TO TIE-DYE A T-SHIRT.
53. HOW TO BALANCE A CHECKBOOK.
54. HOW TO CHANGE THE STRING ON A WEED-EATER.
55. HOW TO CHECK BLOOD-PRESSURE.
56. HOW TO MAKE A CERAMIC VASE.
57. HOW TO REMOVE AND CHANGE AN AIR-FILTER.
58. HOW TO MAKE A PLASTER- CAST HAND PRINT.
59. HOW TO TIE A SQUARE KNOT.
60. HOW TO STOCK A HOUSEHOLD TOOL KIT.
61. HOW TO USE A COMPASS.
62. HOW TO PUT TOGETHER A COLLEGE RESUME
63. HOW TO PREPARE FOR GRADUATION
64. HOW TO WRITE A COLLEGE APPLICATION ESSAY
65. HOW TO CHOOSE A BICYCLE
66. HOW TO PLAN A DINNER PARTY.
67. HOW TO DESIGN AND ASSEMBLE A HOME-MADE PLANNER
68. WHAT AND HOW TO PACK FOR A CAMPING TRIP.
69. HOW TO CHOOSE THE PERFECT BIRTHDAY GIFT.
70. HOW TO TELL A CHILDREN’S STORY.